The lush valley of Chitwan in Nepal is a magical place of wildlife promised land; where dense forests and brilliantly coloured grasslands contrast vividly with dazzling backdrop of snowy Himalayan peaks. But few decades ago the valley was threatened with takeover by humans in search of living space, and much of it’s indigenous wildlife was on the verge of extinction. In 1973 our late Majesty King Birendra officially gazetted as a wildlife conservation park to preserve this precious property and established the first national park in Nepal. Today CNP welcomes thousands of globetrotters who travel from all over the world to see the magnificent tigers, leopards, rhinos, deer, crocodiles and other roaming & soaring creatures which once more inhabit the valley.
Chitwan (means forests where leopards dwell) , is the first established national park of Nepal , which is also listed on UNESCO , the World Heritage Site in 1984. At the foot of the Himalayas, Chitwan is one of the few remaining undisturbed vestiges of the Tarai region , which formerly extended over the foothills of India and Nepal. It has a particularly rich flora and fauna. One of the last populations of One-horned Asiatic rhinoceros and the last refuges of the Bengal tiger lives in the park.
The park enjoys three main seasons: hot and dry summer, A hot and humid rainy season and a warm winter. Between October and February, the average temperature is 25 degree Celsius ensuring a pleasant climate. From March through June, Temperatures can reach as high as 40 Degree Celsius. The hot and humid days give way to monsoon season that typically lasts for four months from June through September. The best time to visit is from October through March.
The park has a rich flora that includes Sal, Palas, Silk, Cotton, Tree fern, Cycas, Screw pine and orchids. There are more than 50 different types of grass species, including the elephant grass, renowned for its immense height reaching up to 8m.
The park is home to 58 species of mammals, over 539 species of birds, 56 types of reptiles and amphibians, and 142 species of fish. The mammalian species include the tiger, rhinoceros, elephant, antelope, leopard, wild boar, bear etc. While among the reptiles found here are the golden monitor lizard, python, crocodile etc. Some of the bird species found here are: Black Necked stork, The Lesser Adjutant stork, The Grey Headed Fishing Eagle, The Brahmin Ducks, The Bengal Florian, The Lesser Florican. The Giant Hornbill etc.